Peru

Peru AlpacaPeru Paco MountainsPeru CondorPeru MarketsPeru MarketsPeru Salinas Of MarasPeru Machu PicchuPeru TrainPeru Lake TiticacaPeru RocotoPeru Farmers MarketPeru River BoatPeru Oasis Of HuacachinaPeru LocalsPeru LocalsPeru MountainsPeru AlpacaPeru ArchitecturePeru SunsetPeru Machu Pichu

Name: Republic of Peru
Population: 31 million
Capital: Lima
Language: Spanish (Quechua, Aymara)
Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Time Zone: PET (UTC−5)

Country Information
Peru is the third largest country in South America; a country known for its incredible cultural heritage such as the renowned Machu Picchu, the remains of the Inca Empire. Although the Incas are the most famous ones, there are other manifestation of pre-Columbian cultures and unexplored archaeological sites, which can be located in the North of Peru. This magnificent land composed of a big variety of landscapes, climates and biodiversity is visited by tourists from all over the world. In Peru, it is possible to enjoy very different activities from surfing in the Northern beaches to hiking in the Andes Cordillera, from trekking in the humid and hot Amazon rainforest to visiting cultural sites and excellent museums, to enjoying traditional dishes. Peruvian people are very friendly and warm, ready to help and to introduce you to their customs. You will find in these regions a great diversity of ethnic groups, festivities, handcraft, and gastronomy.

Peru is the country of contrasts where the crazy traffic is overpassed by the majesty of mountains and cities peaking at more than 6700 meters, infinite beaches with beautiful sunsets, the tropical rainforest and lamas. Traveling by bus is the most efficient, comfortable and the cheapest way to get by in Peru. It is also highly safe. You should be prepared to experience a lot of different climate zones as distances are smaller than in other countries such as Brazil. You could easily combine Peru with surrounding countries like Ecuador, even on a long weekend trip! So you should bring clothes for each zone – you will definitely travel.

Climate
Despite being near the Equator, the presence of different regions of the Andes Cordillera and the arid coast along with the effects of the cold Humboldt Stream induce highly distinct weathers. The climate in Peru consists in three main regions: Costa, Sierra, Selva (the coast, the mountains and the jungle).

Costa
The coast of Peru represents 10% of the whole surface of the country. Within this part of the coast, the north has a semi-tropical climate. Because of the Humboldt Stream, the temperatures are not that hot for a desert as well as the sea. The temperature is around 24°C all year long. The rainfalls are quite frequent therefore this region is a little bit greener than in the South. The Southern region, including the central coast and the south part, has a subtropical climate. The temperatures range from 15°C during the winter to 26°C during the summer. Summer is from December to March.

Sierra
Alongside the Andes Cordillera, the winter is dry and the summer rainy. The annual temperatures fluctuate from 11 to 16°C but with wide differences from a site to another because of the different altitudes. Therefore, it is better to come during the winter from May to September during the dry season and enjoy the Costa during the summer.

Selva
This is the Amazon region of Peru that represents 60% of the Peruvian surface. The climate is humid, hot, with rainfalls all year long and especially during the rainy season from January to April. During the dry season, it usually rains once per week. The temperatures fluctuate around 30°C.

In any case, it is preferable to have 3 kinds of outfits, for cold, hot and rainy weather. Indeed, this country possesses a wide variety of climate zones since it has desert, mountains and Amazon rainforest.

Culture
The Peruvian culture is widely known for its Inca Empire and the ruins of Machu Picchu. But Peru includes a lot of other different cultures people know less. Before being colonized in the 16th century by Spain, and before the Inca Empire, other cultures were already very organized, structured economically and politically. This is particularly the case of the Chavín and Mochica cultures which date from 1800-200 BC. Hidden archaeological treasures of these cultures are present in the North of Peru. The Lambayeque Region is the biggest hotspot of unexplored archaeological places in the world. The South of Peru is the most touristic region with Cusco, the Machu Picchu and Arequipa.

The country recognizes the practice of other religions. Nevertheless, since its independence from Spain in 1821, Peru remains mainly catholic at 80%. Therefore a lot of churches are present in the country. Inspired from the colonial style, they often constitute the site to see, alongside with buildings from the same era in big cities such as Chiclayo, Piura, Trujillo, Arequipa, and Lima. Besides the catholic religion, several events and festivities in Peru refer to the Inca celebrations and ceremonials. Peru is a colourful country as evidenced by the traditional fabric you can find in the handcraft markets. The city of Cajamarca is renowned for its carnival where paintings battles take place every year. Peru is also a country of dances. The national dance is the Marinera and is frequently practiced on the coast. In the jungle, there are tribal dances.

Nowadays, Peru is a multicultural country because of colonialism period but also because of the different migration phases. The indigenous population represents 45% of the population while the rest is a mixture of different ascendances. A third of the population is metis and has Spanish origins. Then there is a melting pot of European, African but also Asiatic people. The indigenous are more present in the Selva while the rest of the country is mixed with the other ethnics. Also in the Selva, it is more frequent to see people wearing traditional clothes such as the poncho, the hat and the long skirt for women. And while the Amazon represents 60% of the Peruvian surface, it is the less densely populated region. Therefore, it exists a lot of inhabited parts, untouched by humans and beautiful unseen areas.

The Amazon is the more traditional part of the country where the economy is mainly based on the agriculture. It includes, like in all the other regions, the production of multiple vegetables and plants such as asparagus, avocado, sugar cane, potatoes, rice, corn, coffee, cacao, etc. Besides that, the mineral and marine resources are the most important before the tourism industry. The economy of the country is one of the best in South America. This explains why the country has become more developed in the last few decades. Peru is now over the average of security level in South America especially because it is enhancing its tourism policy and more specifically the sustainable and ecological tourism. Peru possesses a wide network of National Parks in the Amazon and in the Andes Cordillera. Alongside the coast, it is the paradise for surfers. Less known than other world surf spots, Peru has great beaches where you can enjoy surfing all year long such as Mancora, Chicama, or Huanchaco.

Gastronomy
Another important sector in Peru is the fruits production. Peru is a land of fruit trees, like Mango and Cherimoya, which are very tasty; the Peruvian gastronomy has been awarded several times. Among the specialities like the Ceviche, which is made with raw fish, seasoned with lemon and spices, there is also the Anticuchos made with beef heart, the Chicha Morada, a national drink made with black corn, and the national alcohol: Pisco. The Peruvian gastronomy is considered as one of the most diversified and famous in South America. Very often, dishes include rice; this is because of the Chinese migration. Since then, “Chifa” in Peru refers to Chinese cooking.

Transportation
Transportation in Peru is very easy and the travel costs are low. The traffic may be crazy in Lima and in general but on the long way, the most common mean of transportation is the bus and it is safe. In addition, the distances for travelling between the different regions and climate zones are not long. Peru shares borders with Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Bolivia and Ecuador. It is very easy to combine different destinations such as Peru and Ecuador that has one the greatest biodiversity and landscapes in the world.

The living cost is one of the cheapest in Latin America especially in comparison with Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia or Argentina. Besides, to visit Peru one does usually not need a VISA to get in. The tourist VISA accorded to foreigners can go up to 183 days and even be extended. It is then a very nice country where to stay a little or set up for a while for travelling and visiting other countries.

For more information on Peru check out the Peru Tourism Board website here.

  • Cuzco to Lima

    Peru,

    22 people
    17 days
    Code: GDOB
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours, Walking and Trekking
    Visit South America and travel through Peru from Cuzco to Lima. Uncover ancient mysteries and discover the rich culture of this unique corner of the globe. Starting in Cuzco, the heart and soul ...
    From £2,110Member Price £2,060
    More Info £50 off
  • Lima to Buenos Aires

    Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru,

    22 people
    42 days
    Code: GDOBC
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Visit South America and travel through three of the continent's most remarkable countries. Tour through Peru, Bolivia and Argentina as you travel from Lima to Buenos Aires. Be enchanted by the ...
    From £4,930Member Price £4,880
    More Info £50 off
  • Quito to Rio via Ushuaia

    Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Peru,

    22 people
    112 days
    Code: GDODC
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Get set for the ultimate South American odyssey. Covering six countries over 112 amazing days, travel through Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Chile and Brazil on an epic adventure. Experience ...
    From £11,640Member Price £11,590
    More Info £50 off
  • Rio to Quito via Ushuaia

    Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Peru,

    22 people
    112 days
    Code: GDOEC
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Get set for the ultimate South American odyssey. Covering six countries over 112 amazing days, travel through Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador on this epic adventure. ...
    From £11,780Member Price £11,730
    More Info £50 off
  • Lima to La Paz

    Bolivia, Peru,

    22 people
    22 days
    Code: GDOKC
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Travel through the awesome Andes on this Overland adventure. Unlock the secrets of many mystical sights as you explore the isolated islands dotting Lake Titicaca. Hike along the historic Inca ...
    From £2,850Member Price £2,800
    More Info £50 off
  • Cuzco to La Paz

    Bolivia, Peru,

    22 people
    12 days
    Code: GDOL
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    This adventure takes you through the centre of ancient Inca heartlands on a short but sweet Overland tour. Travel through Peru and Bolivia and discover the secrets of these mystical places as you ...
    From £1,880Member Price £1,840
    More Info £40 off
  • La Paz to Lima

    Bolivia, Peru,

    22 people
    22 days
    Code: GDOMC
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Journey through the Andes on this Overland adventure into ancient Inca heartlands. Unlock the secrets of the many mystic sights as you explore the isolated islands dotting Lake Titicaca, hike ...
    From £2,870Member Price £2,820
    More Info £50 off
  • Lima to Quito

    Ecuador, Peru,

    22 people
    20 days
    Code: GDON
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Jump onboard this Overland tour between two of South America's most iconic cities - Lima and Quito. Reaching along the back of the continent, discover places of immense natural beauty and explore ...
    From £1,595Member Price £1,555
    More Info £40 off
  • La Paz to Cuzco

    Bolivia, Peru,

    22 people
    12 days
    Code: GDOO
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Journey through the Inca heartlands on this express Overland tour of Bolivia and Peru. Unlock the secrets of the mystic sights as you hike along historic Inca pathways, discover isolated islands ...
    From £1,850Member Price £1,810
    More Info £40 off
  • Lima to Cuzco

    Peru,

    22 people
    17 days
    Code: GDOP
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Travel through the soaring Inca heartland, from the beaches of Lima to the streets of Cuzco, high up in the Andes. Unlock the secrets of the many mystic sights as you explore the streets of ...
    From £2,090Member Price £2,040
    More Info £50 off
  • Lima to Rio

    Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Peru,

    22 people
    60 days
    Code: GDOTC
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    On your marks, get set, go! This incredible Overland adventure from Lima to Rio will blow your mind. Enjoy the cosmopolitan cool vibe of Buenos Aires, trek along an ancient Inca trail to ...
    From £6,910Member Price £6,860
    More Info £50 off
  • Essential Peru

    Peru,

    16 people
    21 days
    Code: GGBL
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Tours, Walking and Trekking
    From rugged to refined, sassy to spiritual, South America spans a whole world of diversity. Venture into the continent's Andean heart on this small-group adventure that goes from the cosmopolitan ...
    From £2,156Member Price £2,106
    More Info £50 off
  • Peru, Chile & Argentina Explorer

    Argentina, Chile, Peru,

    12 people
    21 days
    Code: GGCLC
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Tours
    Travel through South America by way of jungle, waterfalls and ancient ruins. This three week trip takes you to the Peruvian Amazon, to the floating islands of Lake Titicaca and into the footsteps ...
    From £6,232Member Price £6,182
    More Info £50 off
  • Highlights of South America

    Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru,

    12 people
    27 days
    Code: GGCRC
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Tours
    Packed full of highlights, this journey showcases the diversity of wonders across the Andes and Amazon. At Cuzco, in the Peruvian Andes, be immersed in the ancient culture of the Incas, visit the ...
    From £8,865Member Price £8,815
    More Info £50 off
  • Peru Family Trek – Teens on the Trail

    Peru,

    16 people
    14 days
    Code: GGFA
    Activity and Adventure, Family, Tours, Walking and Trekking
    Travel to Peru on this family adventure and uncover the terraced ruins of Peru’s mystical ancient city. Explore some of South America’s most beautiful architecture in Lima before flying to Cuzco ...
    From £1,737Member Price £1,697
    More Info £40 off

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