Canada

Canada Lake and MountainsCanada MooseCanada Maple LeafCanada MontrealCanada Mounted PoliceCanada Aurora BorealisCanada Autumn BirdsCanada ArchitectureCanada Eliza ArchieCanada Niagara FallsCanada Grizzly BearCanada DessertCanada MountainsCanada Lake SunsetCanada RockiesCanada Toronto CN TowerCanada ForestCanada GullsCanada ArchitectureCanada TrainsCanada Lake LouiseCanada GuitarCanada ArchitectureCanada Humpback WhaleCanada PeaceCanada LandscapeCanada Northern Lights MooseCanada MountainsCanada Polar BearCanada SnowCanada Winter Lake

Name: Canada
Population: 35 million
Capital: Ottawa
Language: English, French
Currency: Canadian Dollar (CAD)
Time Zone: UTC -3.5 to -8

Country Information
Canada is by size, the largest country in North America, second in the world overall (behind only Russia). Rich in natural beauty and renowned worldwide for its vast, untouched landscape, its unique and tolerant blend of cultures and multifaceted history, Canada is one of the world’s wealthiest countries and a major tourist destination.

Canada has historically been built and influenced by immigrants from two European nations, Britain and France. This dual nature is very different than in the United States, and in some parts of Canada, particularly Quebec and parts of New Brunswick, Canadians primarily speak French. Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 by an act of the British parliament, and is still a proud member of the Commonwealth of Nations. By 1931 it was more or less fully independent of the United Kingdom, although true independence did not occur until 1982. Though a medium-sized country by its population, Canada has earned respect on the international stage for its strong diplomatic skills, peacekeeping efforts, and respect for human rights.

Climate
Trying to distill the climate of Canada into an easy-to-understand statement is impossible, given the vast area and diverse geography within the country. Overall, in most places, winters are harsh compared to much of the world, on par with northern Eurasia. The most populated region, southern Ontario, has a less severe climate, similar to the bordering regions of the mid-western and northeastern United States. Iqaluit, the capital of Nunavut, is just south of the Arctic Circle and remains very cold except for the months of July and August, when the July average maximum is only 12°C (54°F). On the other hand, the coastlines of British Columbia are very mild for their latitude, remaining above freezing for most of winter, yet they are not far away from some of the largest mountain glaciers found on the continent.

The average temperature is typically colder in Canada than in the U.S. and Western Europe as a whole, so bring a warm jacket and other winter clothing if visiting between October and April. The rest of the year, over most of the country, daytime highs are generally well above 15°C (60°F) and usually into the 20s-30s°C(70s-90s°F) range during the day.

Culture
Canada’s culture draws influences from its broad range of constituent nationalities, and policies that promote a ‘just society’ are constitutionally protected. Canada has placed emphasis on equality and inclusiveness for all its people and multiculturalism is often cited as one of its significant accomplishments, and a key distinguishing element of Canadian identity. In Quebec, cultural identity is strong, and many commentators speak of a culture of Quebec that is distinct from English Canadian culture. However, as a whole, Canada is in theory a cultural mosaic—a collection of several regional, Aboriginal, and ethnic subcultures.

Gastronomy
English Canadian cuisine varies from region to region. Some specialties include maple syrup, Nanaimo bars (chocolate-topped no-bake squares with custard or vanilla butter filling and crumb base), butter tarts (tarts made with butter, sugar, and eggs), beaver tails (fried dough topped with icing sugar), fiddleheads (curled heads of young ferns), peameal bacon (a type of back bacon made from lean boneless pork loin, trimmed fine, wet cured, and rolled in cornmeal; eaten at breakfast with eggs or for lunch as a sandwich), and Halifax donairs (sliced beef meatloaf wrapped in pitas and garnished with onions, tomatoes, and a sweet condensed milk sauce).

French Canadian cuisine is distinctive and includes such specialties as tourtière, a meat pie dish that dates back to the founding of Quebec in the 1600s, cipaille (meat and vegetable pie), cretons (mince of pork drippings), ragoût de pattes (pigs’ feet stew), plorine (pork pie), oreilles de Christ (fried larding bacon), poutine, a dish consisting of French fries, cheese curds and gravy (its popularity has spread across the country and can be found from coast to coast), croquignoles (home-made doughnuts cooked in shortening), tarte à la farlouche (pie made of raisins, flour and molasses), tarte au sucre (sugar pie), and numerous cheeses and maple syrup products. Staples include baked beans, peas and ham.

Transportation
By Plane

The best way to get around the country is by air if you can afford it. Air Canada is the main national carrier, and has by far the largest network and most frequent schedules. Air fares are expensive in Canada, the government is notorious for using airports as a cash cow and levying higher-than-average fees and taxes upon airports. To save money, many Canadians often drive to US airports just across the border to save hundreds of dollars per flight.

Air Hitchhiking
There is a far cheaper way to fly in Canada, hitch-hiking by air. Small planes, called float planes, fly from lake to lake in northern Canada, and you can fly for free out of a variety of airports by getting access to pilots, who are typically delivering mail from lake to lake. Finding a pilot can be a tricky process, but it is possible to catch up with the pilots when they take a break to eat or drink. Sometimes, in the airports, you can meet pilots coming in and out of the Environment Canada weather offices.

By Bus
Travel by intercity coach is available between most major cities in Canada. Routes in the prairies can be extremely long, some of them taking several days; as a result, passengers should be sure they will be able to bear sitting in a seat for 48 or more hours with only rare stops for food and toilet breaks.

By Car
Car rental, although somewhat expensive if you are travelling alone, can be an economically reasonable alternative if you are sharing the costs with others.

In some cases, frugal travellers may be able to ‘earn’ budget travel by delivering a car across Canada. The option is not common. Nor does it offer the opportunity to spent much time stopping along the way. However, it can be a cheap way to cross Canada while seeing the interior. CanadaDriveAway.com and HitTheRoad.ca are two options.

By RV
If you are set on a road trip, an alternative to car rental is to hire an RV (motorhome or campervan). This gives you the flexibility to explore Canada at your own pace and is ideal if your trip is geared around an appreciation of Canada’s natural environment. Costs can also be lower than combining car rental with hotels, however RV rentals usually apply milage charges while car rentals usually don’t.

By Train
Passenger rail service in Canada, although very safe and comfortable, is often an expensive and inconvenient alternative to other types of transport. The corridor between Windsor and Quebec City is a bit of an exception to this generalization. Also, if natural beauty is your thing, the approximately three-day train ride between Toronto and Vancouver passes through the splendour of the Canadian prairies and the Rocky Mountains, with domed observation cars to allow passengers to take in the magnificent views. Make arrangements ahead of time to get lower fares. VIA Rail is the main Canadian passenger rail company.

For more information on Canada check out the Canada Tourism Board website here.

  • Iceland, Greenland and Baffin Island (Sea Adventurer) 2017

    Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Arctic,

    117 people
    18 days
    Code: BQMAC
    Activity and Adventure, Polar Exploring, Sailing, Tours, Wildlife
    Set sail on an in-depth 18-day exploration of the most historic and remote corners of Iceland, Greenland and Canada. These are untamed lands of glaciers and icebergs, where ice-clad mountains and ...
    From £13,100Member Price £13,080
    More Info £20 off
  • Canada to Greenland (Sea Adventurer) 2017

    Canada, Greenland, Arctic,

    117 people
    13 days
    Code: BQMBB
    Activity and Adventure, Polar Exploring, Sailing, Tours, Wildlife
    Experience the far-flung wilderness of Greenland and Baffin Island on this unforgettable Arctic voyage. Led by a team of experts, cruise north of the Arctic Circle to some of the most remote ...
    From £11,400Member Price £11,380
    More Info £20 off
  • Arctic Watch Lodge 8 days

    Canada,

    26 people
    8 days
    Code: BQMM6
    Activity and Adventure, Polar Exploring, Tours, Wildlife
    Located 800 km inside the Arctic Circle, right on the Northwest Passage, the Arctic Circle Wilderness Lodge qualifies as the world’s northernmost safari resort. This pristine tract of wilderness ...
    From £6,495Member Price £6,475
    More Info £20 off
  • Arctic Watch Lodge

    Canada,

    26 people
    10 days
    Code: BQMP
    Activity and Adventure, Polar Exploring, Tours, Wildlife
    Located 800 km inside the Arctic Circle, right on the Northwest Passage, the Arctic Circle Wilderness Lodge qualifies as the world’s northernmost safari resort. This pristine tract of wilderness ...
    From £10,070Member Price £10,050
    More Info £20 off
  • Northwest Passage Eastbound

    Canada, Greenland, Arctic,

    132 people
    17 days
    Code: BQMWE
    Activity and Adventure, Polar Exploring, Tours, Wildlife
    Beginning in Canada, travel not only into the High Arctic, but also back in time, tracing the route of Sir John Franklin’s fateful mid-19th century expedition to find the fabled Northwest ...
    From £21,780Member Price £21,745
    More Info £35 off
  • Northwest Passage Westbound

    Canada, Greenland, Arctic,

    132 people
    17 days
    Code: BQMWW
    Activity and Adventure, Polar Exploring, Tours, Wildlife
    The elusive Northwest Passage between Europe and Asia fascinated adventurers for centuries, and now you can become a modern-day voyager on the waters of the High Arctic. Fly from Canada to icy ...
    From £21,780Member Price £21,745
    More Info £35 off
  • Anchorage to Mexico City

    Canada, Mexico, United States Of America,

    22 people
    52 days
    Code: SDOA
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Experience the best of North America and Mexico with this gem of a trip, which takes in the best of both of these vastly different regions. There’s time to keep it cool among the glaciers and ...
    From £6,610Member Price £6,560
    More Info £50 off
  • US & Canada Discovery

    Canada, United States Of America,

    13 people
    11 days
    Code: SSKC
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Overland, Tours
    Canada and America. Both big places with big reputations, so take your time soaking it all in on this tour from Chicago to Toronto and New York City. Criss-cross the country and enjoy the sights ...
    From £3,745Member Price £3,695
    More Info £50 off
  • Grand Canadian Rockies

    Canada,

    13 people
    12 days
    Code: SSKK
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Tours
    Canada’s Rocky Mountains provides a stunning landscape of craggy, towering rock-faces, snow-capped mountains, thick forests and iridescent lakes. Wander the streets of Vancouver, ferry through ...
    From £3,745Member Price £3,695
    More Info £50 off
  • Canadian Rockies

    Canada,

    13 people
    15 days
    Code: SSOR
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Tours
    The Rocky Mountains of Canada offer stunning landscapes of towering peaks, serene turquoise lakes, thick forests and gushing rivers. Walk the streets of Vancouver, hike the trails of Jasper and ...
    From £2,340Member Price £2,290
    More Info £50 off
  • New Year Snow Safari in Canada

    Banff, Revelstoke and Kicking Horse, Canada

    12 people
    9 days
    Code: CATTR1
    Activity and Adventure, Skiing, Snowboarding, Sports and Adventure, Winter Sports
    Experience the Ultimate 9 day Canadian Road Trip from Banff to Revelstoke and Kicking Horse, tracking untouched powder with like-minded riders.
    From £1,695Member Price £1,660
    More Info £35 off
  • Best of Canada

    Canada,

    13 people
    12 days
    Code: GNCA
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Tours
    Ready to take a hike? Of course you are – after all, Canada’s home to some of the best hiking trails and epic mountain scenery since, well, forever! Check out inland rainforests, a park full of ...
    From £1,465Member Price £1,435
    More Info £30 off
  • Canada Winter Festivals

    Canada,

    12 people
    14 days
    Code: GNCF
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Tours
    Oh Canada, the home of maple syrup, hockey, grizzly bears, the Biebs and the stunning Rocky Mountains. There’s a lot to love, and even more to celebrate about this great land – no wonder the ...
    From £2,730Member Price £2,680
    More Info £50 off

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