Fiji

Fiji IslandsFiji DivingFiji Banded IguanaFiji Beach SunsetFiji Coconut CocktailsFiji Palm TreesFiji CultureFiji Palm Trees Sunset

Name: Republic of Fiji
Population: 881,065
Capital: Suva
Language: Fijian
Currency: Fijian Dollar
Time Zone: ICT (UTC+7)

Country Information
Fiji is an archipelago of 333 sun-kissed, picture perfect islands tucked away in the South Pacific, close to Australia and New Zealand.

It’s famed for its rugged landscape of blue lagoons and palm-lined beaches, and eco-activities from mountain climbing and surfing to soft-coral diving and zip-lining. Its major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, contain the lion’s share of the population, meaning much of the country is uncrowded.

The 20th century brought about important economic changes in Fiji as well as the maturation of its political system. Fiji developed a major sugar industry and established productive copra milling, tourism and secondary industries.

As the country now diversifies into small-scale industries, the economy is strengthened and revenues provide for expanded public works, infrastructure, health, medical services and education.
The country’s central position in the region has been strengthened by recent developments in sea and air communications and transport. Today, Fiji plays a major role in regional affairs and is recognized as the focal point of the South Pacific.

Fiji is now home to many other races — Indians, Part Europeans, Chinese and other Pacific islanders living in harmony, and keeping their own cultures and identity. Fijians, slightly over 50 per cent of the total population, are essentially members of communities. They live in villages and do things on a communal basis.

Climate
The climate in Fiji is tropical marine and warm year round with minimal extremes. The warm season is from November to April and the cooler season lasts from May to October. Temperature in the cool season still averages 22 °C (72 °F).

Rainfall is variable, with the warm season experiencing heavier rainfall, especially inland. Winds are moderate, though cyclones occur about once a year (10–12 times per decade).

On 20 February 2016, Fiji was hit by the full force of Cyclone Winston, the only Category 5 tropical cyclone to make landfall in the nation. Scores of homes were destroyed and at least 43 people have been reported dead.

Culture
Fiji was first settled about three and a half thousand years ago. The original inhabitants are now called “Lapita people” after a distinctive type of fine pottery they produced, remnants of which have been found in practically all the islands of the Pacific, east of New Guinea, though not in eastern Polynesia. Linguistic evidence suggests that they came from northern or central Vanuatu, or possibly the eastern Solomons.

Before long they had moved further on, colonizing Rotuma to the north, and Tonga and Samoa to the east. From here, vast distances were crossed to complete the settlement of the Pacific to Hawaii in the north, Rapanui (Easter Island) in the east and Aotearoa (New Zealand) in the south.

Unlike the islands of Polynesia which showed a continuous steadily evolving culture from initial occupation, Fiji appears to have undergone at least two periods of rapid culture change in prehistoric times.
This may have been due to the arrival of fresh waves of immigrants, presumably from the west. Prehistorians have noted that a massive 12th century volcanic eruption in southern Vanuatu coincides with the disappearance of a certain pottery style, and its sudden emergence in Fiji.

It is hardly surprising then, that the Fijian culture is an intricate network and that generalisations are fraught with danger. Although the legendary king of Bau, Naulivou, and his successors had control over a large area of eastern Fiji, at no time before colonization was Fiji a political unity. Nevertheless, Fiji does exhibit certain traits that sets it apart from its neighbours, and it is this that defines a distinctive Fijian culture.

Gastronomy
Fijian food has traditionally been very healthy. Fijians prefer a more tuber and coconut based diet. High caloric foods are good for hard-working villagers who need extra calories while working on their farms but this causes a range of chronic illness such as obesity. Fiji is a multicultural country and is home to people of various races. In most Fijians’ homes, food of other cultures is prepared on a regular basis such as Indian curries and Chinese dishes. Fiji is also famous for its seafood.

Meals
For breakfast most rural Fijians would eat homemade buns, roti or Topoi or simply a long loaf Fiji style bread. The bread is spread with butter and/or jam and eaten with a nice cup of tea. Tea is either made from black tea leaves, fresh lemon leaves or “Fiji grass”.

Lunch in the villages is usually rourou (dalo leaves) with boiled Tapioca (Cassava) or some fresh fish soup with dalo (taro).

Dinner is usually stew, curry or soup made from meat/fish or chicken. Stews are made from meat, potatoes and vegetables, often very healthy. Soups are also very healthy because the best cuts of meat are used and lots of fresh vegetables are added.

Kava/Yagona
Most Fijian men would have Yagona or Kava to drink before having dinner. Kava is a drink made from powdered roots of Yagona plants. The powder is placed in a muslin cloth and small amounts of water are added to extract the juice out of the powder. With meals people often drink water. This drink will make your tongue go numb, due to the ingredients. Kava is not unique to the Fijian culture, it is widely consumed in amongst other Pacific nations. It has religious and tribal significance and often used as peace offering “sevusevu” during Fijian functions. Consumption beyond this is habitual, it is addictive and people find it difficult to wean off once it gets hold. Consumption in smaller quantities have been found to be of therapeutical value, especially amongst people who suffer from sleeping disorders. Kava is used to calm anxiety, stress, and restlessness, and treat sleep problems (insomnia). It is also used for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), epilepsy, psychosis, depression, migraines and other headaches, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), common cold and other respiratory tract infections, tuberculosis, muscle pain, and cancer prevention.Some people use kava for urinary tract infections (UTIs), pain and swelling of the uterus, venereal disease, menstrual discomfort, and to arouse sexual desire. Kava is applied to the skin for skin diseases including leprosy, to promote wound healing, and as a painkiller. It is also used as a mouthwash for canker sores and toothaches.

Transportation
Getting around Fiji is easy and cheap. There’s a good network of buses, carriers (trucks) and ferries for travel within Fiji’s main islands, and taxis are common. Hiring a car is a good way to explore the two largest islands – which contain 90% of Fiji’s roads – or charter a boat or small plane to get between islands. Fiji is well-served by two domestic airlines which operate between many of the islands, although services are less regular to the outer islands. Yachting and cruising are also great ways to explore the country.

For more information on Fiji check out the Fiji Tourism Board website here.

  • Introduction Week in Fiji (Suva)

    Suva, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 182
    Cultural Experiences
    Travel to this wonderful Island country of Fiji, embrace the beautiful beaches, warm people with full of love and hospitality!This tropical islands that are home to some of the happiest people on ...
    From £300Member Price £270
    More Info 10% off
  • Healthcare Project in Fiji (Suva)

    Suva, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 406
    Medical Health Care, Volunteering Abroad
    Contribute to the good health of the locals of Fiji by joining the healthcare project in Suva! This program is designed to keep the local population in good health.The purpose of this project ...
    From £350Member Price £315
    More Info 10% off
  • Island Project in Fiji

    Pacific Harbour, Fiji

    15 people
    14 days
    Code: 560
    Activity and Adventure, Building and Construction, Volunteering Abroad
    Allow us to take you on an interesting ride through the various islands of Fiji. Take in the breathtaking views, explore each island, and swim the blue waters!This program gives you the ...
    From £1,000Member Price £900
    More Info 10% off
  • Introduction Week in Fiji (Pacific Harbour)

    Pacific Harbour, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 528
    Activity and Adventure, Cultural Experiences
    Travel to this wonderful Island country of Fiji, embrace the beautiful beaches and warm people full of love and hospitality!These tropical islands are home to some of the happiest people on ...
    From £350Member Price £315
    More Info 10% off
  • Kindergarten Project in Fiji (Suva)

    Suva, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 190
    Activity and Adventure, Care Work, Teaching, Volunteering Abroad
    Visit this beautiful island country to teach basic English, arts and craft to tiny toddlers. Bring lots of creativity along with you and make some great friends!Participate to teach younger ...
    From £300Member Price £270
    More Info 10% off
  • Fiji Road Trip

    Coastal Southwest to Northeast, Fiji

    15 people
    21 days
    Code: 191
    Discovery, Tours
    Get to visit and experience four vastly distinctive regions of this exotic island country!This leading eco-tourism environment will meet every divers and snorkelers expectation with its countless ...
    From £1,800Member Price £1,620
    More Info 10% off
  • Healthcare Project in Fiji (Pacific Harbour)

    Pacific Harbour, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 510
    Medical Health Care, Volunteering Abroad
    Contribute to the good health of the locals of Fiji by joining the healthcare project in Pacific Harbour! This program is designed to keep the local population in good health.The purpose of this ...
    From £350Member Price £315
    More Info 10% off
  • Teaching Program in Fiji (Suva)

    Suva, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 184
    Teaching, Volunteering Abroad
    Visit this beautiful Island town of Suva in Fiji and teach children of various age groups to make a very significant and worthwhile contributions.You will have the freedom to be creative and ...
    From £300Member Price £270
    More Info 10% off
  • Sports Education in Fiji (Suva)

    Suva, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 185
    Sports Coaching, Volunteering Abroad
    This new and proactive project is designed to create a relationship between children and you through recreational activities. Visit this beautiful island country and coach children in various ...
    From £300Member Price £270
    More Info 10% off
  • Kindergarten Project in Fiji (Pacific Harbour)

    Pacific Harbour, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 512
    Activity and Adventure, Care Work, Teaching, Volunteering Abroad
    Visit this beautiful island country to teach basic English, arts and craft to tiny toddlers. Bring lots of creativity along with you and make some great friends!Participate to teach younger ...
    From £350Member Price £315
    More Info 10% off
  • Sports Education in Fiji (Pacific Harbour)

    Pacific Harbour, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 518
    Sports Coaching, Volunteering Abroad
    This new and proactive project is designed to create a relationship between children and you through recreational activities. Visit this beautiful island country and coach children in various ...
    From £350Member Price £315
    More Info 10% off
  • Construction & Renovation in Fiji (Pacific Harbour)

    Pacific Harbour, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 513
    Building and Construction, Volunteering Abroad
    A great project to keep you active, fit, and creative. Bring all your creative elegance to renew and build beautiful structures for children and and local communities.Join us on this beautiful ...
    From £400Member Price £360
    More Info 10% off
  • Island Project in Fiji (Levuka and Savusavu)

    Suva, Fiji

    15 people
    14 days
    Code: 407
    Building and Construction, Volunteering Abroad
    Allow us to take you on an interesting ride through the various islands of Fiji. Take in the breathtaking views, explore each island, and swim the blue waters!This program gives you the ...
    From £900Member Price £810
    More Info 10% off
  • Construction & Renovation in Fiji (Suva)

    Suva, Fiji

    15 people
    7 days
    Code: 486
    Building and Construction, Volunteering Abroad
    A great project to keep you active, fit, and creative. Bring all your creative elegance to renew and build beautiful structures for children and and local communities.Join us on this beautiful ...
    From £350Member Price £315
    More Info 10% off

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