India

India Local PeopleIndia TrekkingIndia Holi ColourIndia Ganges VaranasiIndia Hawa MahalIndia Tandoori ChickenIndia Rajasthan LocalsIndia Taj MahalIndia MonkeyIndian TrainsIndia Lily FlowerIndia PeacockIndia TigerIndia Local Food OkraIndia Rhino WildlifeIndia Rajasthan CamelsIndia Sloth Bear

Name: Republic of India (Bhārat Gaṇarājya)
Population: 1.252 billion
Capital: New Delhi
Language: Hindi, English and 22 other officially recognized languages
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
Time Zone: UTC +5:30

Country Information
India is known for its pyramid-like temples, its colorful streets and it’s crowded cities. This country represents the most vivid and large culture in the world. From the golden triangle of Delhi, Jaipur and Agra to the coast where Ayurveda medicine was born, India offers a 360 degree journey through the most magical lands. Known for being the second most populated country in the world, India will show you the faces of thousands of Hindu gods in its very vast collection of temples all throughout the country. The land of colors and smiles is ready to take you on your next adventure whether road tripping or helping out in local communities, this sub-continent will amaze your senses. India will shift the way you see the world.

With over a billion citizens in this large country, India’s literacy rate is around 60% for women and 80% for men. Their principal language is Hindi and English is also commonly used in major cities. Delhi, the capital of India, is what many would call the real deal when travelling through the country. It is one of the biggest and most populated cities in the whole world with up to 25 million citizens. Delhi is known for its amazing cuisine and its new modality of “street food”, which means restaurants with every specialty you can imagine are available to you all throughout the city! Chennai is another of the biggest cities in India, known as the “Detroit of India” for its automobile industry. If you are looking for a quieter spot Kerala is the centre of lifestyle, art, architecture, language and literature in all of the country!

Climate
India is so vast that climatic conditions in the far north have little relation to those of the extreme south. While the heat is building up to breaking point on the plains, the people of Ladakh, in the Himalaya, will still be waiting for the snow to melt on the high passes.
India has a three-season year – the hot, the wet and the cool. Generally, the best time to visit is during winter (November to February) although there are regional variations.

Summer (hot): The heat starts to build up on the northern plains of India from around February, and by April or May it really hots up. In central India temperatures of 45C and above are commonplace. Later in May, the first signs of the monsoon are visible in some areas – high humidity, violent electrical storms, short rainstorms and dust storms that turn day into night. The hot season is the time to leave the plains and retreat to the hills, and this is when Himalayan hill stations are at their best (and busiest). By early June, the snow on the passes into Ladakh melts and the roads reopen.

Monsoon (wet): When the monsoon finally arrives, it does not just suddenly appear. After some advance warning, the rain comes in steadily, generally starting around 1 June in the extreme south and sweeping north to cover the whole country by early July. The monsoon doesn’t really cool things down: at first hot dry and dusty weather is simply replaced by hot, humid, muddy conditions. Even so, it’s a welcome relief, not least for farmers who face their busiest time of year as they prepare fields for planting. It doesn’t rain solidly all day during the monsoon, but certainly rains virtually every day the water tend to come down in buckets for a while followed by the sun. The main monsoon comes from the southwest, but the southeast coast is affected by the short and surprisingly wet northeast monsoon, which brings rain from mid-October to the end of December.

Although the monsoon brings life in India, it also brings its share of death. Almost every year there are destructive floods and thousands of people are made homeless. Rivers rise and sweep away road and railway lines and many flights schedules can be disrupted. In recent times, poor monsoon have lead to crippling droughts in many parts of rural India.

Winter (cool): Finally, around October, the monsoon ends for most of the country, and this is when most tourists visit. Generally, it’s not too hot and not too cool (although in October it can still be surprisingly humid in some regions). Delhi and other northern cities become quite cold at night in December and January. It certainly becomes cold in the far north. In the far south, where it never gets truly cool, the temperatures become comfortably warm. Then, around February, the temperatures start to climb again and, before you know it, you’re back in the sweltering hot weather.

Culture
Hinduism is a big part of the story and construction of the Indian culture. India is known for its distinctive arts such as architecture, literature and performing arts but in the modern era it has shifted towards the film industry. Bollywood is followed by the Middle East, South Asia and even Russia! Their movies are known for its musical intake and beautiful stories and characters, all, native Indian. One of the things that characterize India the most is its caste system; this model includes the old tradition of arranged marriages and very traditional family values throughout castes and the country. Don’t miss a cricket match when you visit! It is the nation’s favourite sport and a beloved pastime in the country.

Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism and Zoroastrianism are the major religious communities in the country. According to the 1990 census, Hindus constitute about 83% of the population followed by Muslims with 11% and Christians with 2%. Sikhs constitute about 1.6 %. Buddhists 0.6% Jains 0.3% and Zoroastrians (Parsees) 0.085%, of the 1 billion population. The rest constitute other minor religions. The population of all the 6 major religions has increased but Jainism has increased only marginally. India is a land of bewildering diversity. It is a jigsaw puzzle of people of every faith and religion, living together creating a unique and colorful mosaic. There is a festival for every reason and season. Many festivals celebrate the various harvests, signifying great historical figures and events while much express devotion to the deities of different religions. Every celebration revolves around rituals of prayer, seeking blessings, exchanging goodwill, and decorating houses, wearing new clothes, music, dance and feastings.

Do’s
-Do be aware that water is used instead of toilet paper in India. However, you need to buy some toilet paper in big cities or big towns as it is difficult to get in small places.
-Do try to be clean and neatly dressed. Decent western clothes or Indian clothes are preferable. Your clothes can be loose but should not be too revealing.
-Do try the traditional Indian food! If you find it difficult to get used to it, you can stock up on tinned food, biscuits, fruits etc… after arriving here. But always wash the fruit before eating it.
-In the non-urban areas, food is eaten on the floor, sitting cross legged. Shoes/sandals should not be brought near the place of eating. Neither is cutlery used – only the fingers of the right hand are.
-“NAMASTE” – folding your hands together in a praying gesture is the traditional form of greeting. Women usually use this form of greeting while men usually do also shake hands.

Gastronomy
India as a country is already very various and the same can be said about the food. Every state and every region is having its own dishes and ways of cooking, it even differs from religion to religion. The main differences you can see in the food from the north and the south.
The basis of an Indian meal usually is rice (in the south) and wheat in form of a special flat bread (in the north). Generally this is eaten with Dhal (lentils), Sabzi (vegetables), fish or meat and chutney. After the meal you can choose between the lots of different Indian sweets.
A thali is the all-purpose Indian dish. This product of South-India is also found in other parts of the country and consists of a metal plate with a number of small metal bowls filled with a variety of curry, vegetable dishes, a couple of papads, puris or chapattis and a mountain of rice. Thalis are consistently tasty rather cheap and 100% filling.

Many coastal areas have excellent seafood freshly caught and cooked in many different ways. But one will also find that every region has its special preparation for chicken, being it tandoori, kebab and so on.

Chaat is the general term for snacks, besides that India shares a huge variety of sweets that can be found on every corner and which are extremely sweet for a foreigners taste. Believe it or not, there is no such thing as curry in India; it is an English invention to cover the whole range of Indian food spicing. Spices are blended in a certain combination to produce Masala in various mixes.

Despite typical Indian food a great selection of foods from other parts of the world can be found here. The Chinese and Thai influence blesses us with marvelous dishes in a number of restaurants all over the subcontinent. Also found are continental restaurants which are becoming increasingly popular in all major cities. And sometimes even a taste of Europe can be enjoyed here such as an Italian Pasta restaurant, a French pastry or a German bakery.

Transportation
Indian railways are one of the largest undertakings in the world. The network covers a distance of over 60,000 Km. Road covers 5.5 million kilometers and over 10,000 km of inland navigable waterways. Using rail and bus services, one can reach almost any point on the Indian map though not always on time. All large cities are also connected with domestic air services.

Buses operate frequently to all smaller towns to/from major cities. There are also inter-state buses that take you from one city to the other (non stop). Before booking your bus tickets, always check the time it would take from one point to the other. For the local buses, you buy the ticket once you get on. For the lines that go between cities you will have to book and pay in advance.

For more information on India check out the India Tourism Board website here.

  • Mumbai to Chennai

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    22 people
    24 days
    Code: HDOB
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Tour India from Mumbai to Chennai. This trip is the perfect combination of adventure and relaxation. For starters you've got Mumbai, India's most cosmopolitan city. Then travel overland through ...
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  • Chennai to Kolkata

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    22 people
    14 days
    Code: HDOJ
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Travel to India’s west, a place of divine beaches, remote landscapes and unique cities. Embark on an Overland adventure from chaotic Chennai to cultured Kolkata, a fascinating and memorable tour ...
    From £1,780Member Price £1,740
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  • Kolkata to Kathmandu

    India, Nepal,

    22 people
    16 days
    Code: HDOK
    Activity and Adventure, Overland, Tours
    Travel from India to Nepal on an Overland trip from Kolkata to Kathmandu. Beginning in the vibrant streets of Kolkata, this journey ascends into the legendary Himalayas before travelling overland ...
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  • Kathmandu to Delhi Overland

    India, Nepal,

    22 people
    24 days
    Code: HDOOC
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Overland, Tours
    Overview of Kathmandu to Delhi Overland Trip Summary for Kathmandu to Delhi Overland Start Location: Kathmandu,   End Location: New Delhi Countries Visited: India, Nepal,  Meals ...
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  • Kolkata to Paro

    Bhutan, India,

    22 people
    15 days
    Code: HDOP
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    Experience remote and picturesque parts of India and Bhutan on this incredible overland adventure. From India's cultural capital of Kolkata to the Bhutanese gem of Paro, journey through lush rice ...
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  • Kathmandu to Mumbai

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    21 people
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    Code: HDOTC
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    Beginning in Nepal's atmospheric capital, travel overland through the passes of the Himalayas heading for the jungle and going in search of tigers in Chitwan. Crossing the border into India, ...
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  • Taj Mahal Extension

    India,

    12 people
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    Code: HHAJ
    Activity and Adventure, Short Break, Tours
    Journey to India’s famous Taj Mahal, a majestic monument to love. Built by a Mughal emperor as tribute to his late wife, this incredible structure continually astounds visitors with its inspiring ...
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  • Varanasi Extension

    India,

    12 people
    3 days
    Code: HHAV
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    Explore holy Varanasi - an atmospheric blend of temples, river ghats and bazaars. Sail on the Ganges at dawn for a magical experience as the sun rises over pilgrims absolving sins in the river. ...
    From £470Member Price £460
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  • India Family Holiday

    India,

    18 people
    14 days
    Code: HHFA
    Activity and Adventure, Family, Tours
    Travelling through India is like turning up everything in your life – the volume with the throbbing streets of Delhi, the colour with the markets and spice bazaars, and the brightness with the ...
    From £1,520Member Price £1,480
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  • Northern India Family Holiday

    India,

    21 people
    10 days
    Code: HHFI
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    Take the whole family on an unforgettable adventure to charismatic India, a place full of colourful characters, scrumptious cuisine and remarkable landscapes. Get the most out of this sensational ...
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  • Comfort Northern India Family Holiday

    India,

    18 people
    10 days
    Code: HHFK
    Activity and Adventure, Family, Tours
    Take a moment to imagine India. If you pictured a land bursting with colour, thronging with people and heady with spices and incense, you’d be right. On this trip your family be diving headfirst ...
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  • North India Highlights

    India,

    12 people
    12 days
    Code: HHKH
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Tours
    Visit India and explore the highlights of the north on this adventure tour from Delhi to Varanasi. Discover the 'Pink City' of Jaipur, witness the Mughal splendours of Delhi and Agra, and soak up ...
    From £2,232Member Price £2,182
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  • Rajasthan Experience

    India,

    12 people
    15 days
    Code: HHKR
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    Colourful and chaotic, mysterious and exotic - welcome to Rajasthan. Explore the fairytale cities of the desert, travel to beautiful palaces filled with treasures of the maharajah and wander ...
    From £2,280Member Price £2,230
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  • Classic South India

    India,

    12 people
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    Code: HHKS
    Activity and Adventure, Discovery, Tours
    Travel to India and embark on this classic southern Indian tour through Kerala from Chennai to Kovalam Beach. Discover a thousand shades of green, indulge in some of the continent’s freshest ...
    From £2,120Member Price £2,070
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  • India and Nepal

    India, Nepal,

    12 people
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    Code: HHKWC
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    Combine the best of India and Nepal in one superbly comfortable trip. Experience the colour and chaos of Delhi's bazaars, visit erotic temple carvings in Khajuraho and witness intimate displays ...
    From £4,375Member Price £4,325
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